AGGRESSION ON AFGHANISTAN 427 had been seated on his throne wearing the " robes of wrath," and that they would be struck with terror and retire. But, unfortunately for the Shah, the Russians are a brave and not an imaginative people. An interesting description of the appearance of Fath AH Shah is given by Sir Robert Ker Porter,1 who travelled through Persia in 1818-20. He was one blaze of jewels, which literally dazzled the sight on first looking at him ; but the details of his dress were these: A lofty tiara of three elevations was on his head, which shape appears to have been long peculiar to the crown of the great king. It was entirely composed of thickly-set diamonds, pearls, rubies, and emeralds, so exquisitely disposed as to form a mixture of the most beautiful colours in the brilliant light reflected from its sur- face. Several black feathers, like the heron plume, were intermixed with the resplendent aigrettes of this truly imperial diadem, whose bending points were finished with pear-formed pearls of an im- mense size. The vesture was gold tissue, nearly covered with a similar disposition of jewelry ; and crossing the shoulders were two strings ,*of pearls, probably the largest in the world. I call his dress a vesture, because it set close to his person, from the neck to the bottom of the waist, showing a shape as noble as his air. At that point, it developed downwards in loose drapery, like the usual Persian garment, and was of the same costly materials with the vest. But for splendour, nothing could exceed the broad bracelet round his arms and the belt which encircled his waist \ they actually blazed like fire when the rays of the sun met them. The Accession of Mohamed Shah, 1834.—The death of Fath All Shah unchained fierce rivalries, and it was seen that two of his sons, the Farman Farma and the Zil-u- Sultan, Governors of Fars and Teheran respectively, were prepared, to bid for the throne. Fortunately for the rightful heir, the British Envoy, Sir John Campbell, was at Tabriz, and by his assistance, both moral and material, and that of the Russian representative, the new Shah was able to march on Teheran at the head of a considerable force commanded by Sir Henry Lindsay Bethune. ^ The circumstance that he was accompanied by the Ministers of Great Britain and Russia caused the desertion of the 1 Travels in Georgia, Persia, etc., vol. i. pp. 325-26 (London, 1821).